Won by 5L, 3L, Neck.
Appointment of Umar ibn Abdul Aziz as Caliph Sulayman ibn Abdul Malik was the seventh caliph of the Umayyad dynasty.
The former outpaced The Reyan by eight-and-a-half lengths while the latter edged Ravens Song by neck in the closely fought battle.
The choice before Ali was not between winning the civil war if there was one, or not fighting at all; it was instead, between what is right and what is wrong; between truthfulness and deception; between adherence to principle and pursuit of realpolitik.
In Egypt, he found the Muslims divided into three groups.
The members of Umar's electoral committee retreated into the safety of anonymity.